Ultrasound imaging involves exposing part of the body to high frequency sound waves to produce pictures of the inside of the body. This is the same principle involved in the sonar used by bats, ships and fishermen. When a sound wave strikes an object, it echoes back. By measuring these echo waves it is possible to determine how far away the object is and its size, shape, and consistency.
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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a fairly common condition. The main symptoms include irregular or absent menstrual periods, reduced fertility, acne and abnormal hair distribution. Some women will be overweight and often struggle to maintain a normal weight. Others may get depressed due to changes in their body habitus.
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It’s not uncommon for girls to experience abnormal bleeding patterns in their early reproductive years. Such bleeding patterns are due to the transitional immaturity of the reproductive system. Teenagers can find this distressing, as it can interfere with their schooling and other social activities. Luckily for most, it’s just a transient period in their reproductive life. Spontaneous resolution tends to be the norm.
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Many couples worry that the use of reversible family planning methods may somehow affect chances of future conception. Such concerns are erroneous. Reversible contraceptives only interfere with conception when in active use. Once use of a reversible contraceptive has been discontinued, fertility resumes promptly.
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The term ovarian cyst is known to most women in the reproductive age group. It denotes fluid-filled swellings within the ovary. Unfortunately, many women get quite anxious whenever a diagnosis of an ovarian cyst is made. Luckily, most cysts are innocent (or benign in medical terms), and usually disappear on their own without any active interventions.
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