Over-diagnosis refers to making a diagnosis that is ultimately not necessary, because the patient would never have suffered any symptoms or death from the said diagnosis.Over-diagnosis usually occurs when you get screened for a disease, such as cancer, in an effort to detect it at an early stage when it may be more amenable to treatment and cure.
Continuous surveillance is not just valuable in entertainment, it is ubiquitous in the security industry. But less obvious adaptation of surveillance has always played a role in aviation safety. The so called black boxes are a mandatory requirement in commercial aircraft. They record all the flight performance data and cockpit conversations, which later become useful for investigations of aviation incidents and accidents. You can term it as a form of Big Brother, continuously recording events, albeit for safety reasons. And now, the healthcare industry is adapting continuous surveillance in attempts to reduce medical errors and improve overall healthcare safety.
Modern medical care, largely based on the science of disease, is what currently defines conventional healthcare. But non-conventional medical care has always had its place and includes complementary medicine, alternative medicine and integrative medicine. When non-mainstream healthcare is used together with conventional medicine, it's considered "complementary". And when a non-mainstream practice is used instead of conventional medicine, it's considered "alternative". Integrative care involves bringing complementary and alternative approaches together in a coordinated manner.
Every day, a vast number of patients fail to show up for medical appointments with their healthcare providers. Whereas there are many reasons for the so called ‘no shows’, many fail to appreciate the huge impact that missed appointments have on health service provision.